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Vienna in the Age of UncertaintyScience, Liberalism, and Private Life$
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Deborah R. Coen

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780226111728

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.001.0001

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In the Stream of the World

In the Stream of the World

Coming of Age in the 1860s

(p.65) Chapter Two In the Stream of the World
Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty
University of Chicago Press

This chapter describes the reform of the education system. Count Thun and his collaborators revised the Gymnasium curriculum to focus more on natural science and mathematics. They also transformed the universities from professional training schools into research institutes on the Prussian model, with a large measure of self-government and intellectual freedom. The post-1848 Gymnasium showed how an individual imposed order on experience by means of the constructive faculties of attention and memory. The Exners' utopian vision of their new life as a family reflected a “silent revolution” on a much larger scale. Adolf Exner's years in Zurich did not extinguish his sympathy for democracy entirely. His inaugural speech justified the authority of an educated elite against the bureaucratic machinery of a centralized state. Four years after his inauguration at Zurich, Exner received an even more prestigious invitation—to succeed Rudolf Jhering as professor of Roman law at the University of Kiel.

Keywords:   education system, Gymnasium, Adolf Exner, Zurich, democracy, Prussian model

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