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Medical Monopoly
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Medical Monopoly: Intellectual Property Rights and the Origins of the Modern Pharmaceutical Industry

Joseph M. Gabriel


This book provides the first analysis of the shifting relationship between intellectual property rights, therapeutic reformers, and the American pharmaceutical industry during the long nineteenth century. Before the Civil War, physicians rejected the use of patents in drug manufacturing as an unethical and unscientific form of monopoly. By the 1870s they had also become deeply concerned about the increasing use of trademarks because of their ability to monopolize the sale of goods and influence medical practice. These attitudes exerted a dramatic effect on the shape of the drug market, includi ... More

Keywords: intellectual property rights, trademarks, patents, pharmaceutical industry, medical ethics, therapeutic reform, pharmacy, generic names

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780226108186
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226108216.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Joseph M. Gabriel, author