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The Wartime PresidentExecutive Influence and the Nationalizing Politics of Threat$
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William G. Howell, Saul P. Jackman, and Jon C. Rogowski

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226048253

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226048420.001.0001

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Voting in War and in Peace

Voting in War and in Peace

(p.142) Chapter 5 Voting in War and in Peace
The Wartime President

William G. Howell

Saul P. Jackman

Jon C. Rogowski

University of Chicago Press

This chapter turns its focus to roll call votes cast during those congresses when the nation transitioned either into or out of war. Using interest groups as bridging observations, we show that the attacks of September 11 corresponded with a marked rise of conservatism in congressional voting behavior. Though the effects are observed across a wide variety of issue areas, they appear particularly pronounced in the domain of purely domestic votes. The U.S. entry into World War II, by contrast, corresponded with a marked shift to the ideological left in congressional voting behavior. Both of these shifts brought congressional voting behavior more in line with presidential preferences. The outbreaks of the other wars in our sample, however, did not induce clear changes in congressional voting behavior. Still, the transitions from war to peace rather consistently corresponded with ideological shifts away from the presidents then in office.

Keywords:   roll call votes, ideal point estimation, ideology

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