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The Pan-African NationOil and the Spectacle of Culture in Nigeria$
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Andrew Apter

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780226023540

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226023564.001.0001

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Nigeria at Large

Nigeria at Large

(p.52) Chapter Two Nigeria at Large
The Pan-African Nation
University of Chicago Press

As the new Nigeria assumed central roles in OPEC, ECOWAS, and the OAU, it emerged as the preeminent Pan-African nation, projecting itself throughout the black and African world while drawing representatives into its center. Reflecting the global circuits of petrodollars in its ever-widening span of influence and control, Nigeria's wealth-cum-cultural patrimony established a profound correspondence between sign-value and commodity-value, one that fixed the locus of truth to a convertible system of exchange values. On the domestic front, organized by the national participation committee, Nigeria's vast tapestry of local ethnicities and regional cultures became equivalent expressions of national tradition—one that extended to the black and African world through its visiting contingents in Lagos. Through FESTAC, Nigeria's empire of signs was pegged to petroleum. During this high point of oil politics and prosperity, money became the measure of cultural value.

Keywords:   Pan-African nation, petrodollars, exchange values, national participation committee, ethnicities, FESTAC

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