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The Pan-African NationOil and the Spectacle of Culture in Nigeria$
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Andrew Apter

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780226023540

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226023564.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
The Pan-African Nation
University of Chicago Press

This book examines FESTAC'77, otherwise known as the Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture. It does so not as an extended event but as a form of historicity—one that illuminates Nigeria's colonial past, its national economy, and its postcolonial predicaments. As an anthropological work, it engages the problem of value in its temporal, material, and symbolic modalities. If FESTAC represented an idealized vision of ethnic equality and harmony in Nigeria and beyond, it also provided a significant contrast to the ethnically framed realpolitik that operated behind the scenes, a drama of considerable import given the country's scheduled return to civilian rule in 1979. FESTAC's discourse of black global citizenship, substantiated by identity cards issued for participants, mirrored a discourse of Nigerian citizenship often discussed in terms of ethnicity and oil.

Keywords:   national economy, colonial past, Nigeria, FESTAC, realpolitik, civilian rule, ethnicity

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