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Fiscal Policy after the Financial Crisis$
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Alberto Alesina and Francesco Giavazzi

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226018447

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226018584.001.0001

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Perceptions and Misperceptions of Fiscal Inflation

Perceptions and Misperceptions of Fiscal Inflation

(p.254) (p.255) 7 Perceptions and Misperceptions of Fiscal Inflation
Fiscal Policy after the Financial Crisis

Eric M. Leeper

Todd B. Walker

University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines alternative policy scenarios involving price-level changes induced by the fiscal theory. It is organized as follows. Section 7.2 uses a simple model to illustrate how the price level is determined in the conventional paradigm and in the fiscal theory. The conventional policy mix (Regime M) has monetary policy target inflation and fiscal policy stabilizes the value of debt. An alternative mix (Regime F) is available when governments issue nominal bonds. The chapter then describes how the maturity structure of nominal government bonds can alter the time series properties of inflation and lays out the precise role that monetary policy plays in a fiscal equilibrium. Having established that under Regime F policies monetary policy does not control inflation, Section 7.3 turns to plausible scenarios in which the central bank does not control inflation even in Regime M. Section 7.4 considers the empirical implications of monetary–sfiscal policy interactions. A commentary is also included at the end of the chapter.

Keywords:   fiscal policy, inflation, economic recession, fiscal theory, government bonds, central bank

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