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The Improbability of OthelloRhetorical Anthropology and Shakespearean Selfhood$
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Joel B. Altman

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780226016108

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226016122.001.0001

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“‘Tis in Ourselves That We Are Thus, or Thus”: Will, Habit, and the Discourse of Res

“‘Tis in Ourselves That We Are Thus, or Thus”: Will, Habit, and the Discourse of Res

Chapter:
(p.153) FIVE “‘Tis in Ourselves That We Are Thus, or Thus”: Will, Habit, and the Discourse of Res
Source:
The Improbability of Othello
Author(s):

Joel B. Altman

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226016122.003.0006

This chapter focuses on the role of will in rhetorical address. This is a distinctly Christian development, since a concept of will independent of reason was not clearly articulated in classical antiquity. The recognition of will added a crucial spiritual inflection to that interplay of dispositions Protagorean and Platonic, Academic and Stoic that we have noticed in the classical period and in the Renaissance. It fostered a new tension between the labile and fragmented self, attracted to shifting worldly phenomena, and the self's desire for inward repose and definition. Moreover, will came to be linked to vivid speech—a speech of “thingness” that drew both speaker and hearer into a potentially threatening communion with res, whose materiality might literally damage the soul. The importance of such a development for Shakespeare is apparent in this chapter, which provides the historical and theoretical context for what is best described as a theocentric linguistic psychology.

Keywords:   will, rhetoric, res, speech, Shakespeare, linguistic psychology

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