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Cartographies of Travel and Navigation$
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James R. Akerman

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226010748

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226010786.001.0001

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“Up in the Air in More Ways Than One”: The Emergence of Aeronautical Charts in the United States

“Up in the Air in More Ways Than One”: The Emergence of Aeronautical Charts in the United States

Chapter:
(p.207) 6 “Up in the Air in More Ways Than One”: The Emergence of Aeronautical Charts in the United States
Source:
Cartographies of Travel and Navigation
Author(s):

Ralph E. Ehrenberg

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226010786.003.0006

This chapter examines navigational problems in early aeronautical mapping. Early air pilots had many of the same needs as maritime navigators: an awareness of bearing and speed of travel, knowledge of landmarks and safe havens, and the difficulties of approaching them. Yet since pilots operated almost entirely over land, the charts they developed were initially hybrids of maps intended for ground and maritime travelers. Here, as with maritime mapping, the production of aeronautical charts was originally undertaken by a mixture of private firms, individuals, and governmental agencies. The increasing traffic that followed the commercialization of freight and passenger travel necessitated a shift toward greater governmental control of map standards and production.

Keywords:   navigation, aeronautical mapping, air pilots, maps, map standards, government control

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