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About MethodExperimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Jutta Schickore

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically is a long-term history of scientists’ methodological discussions about experimentation in the life sciences. It ... More

Accident ProneA History of Technology, Psychology, and Misfits of the Machine Age

Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and Misfits of the Machine Age

John C. Burnham

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226081175
eISBN:
9780226081199
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226081199.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Technology demands uniformity from human beings who encounter it. People encountering technology, however, differ from one another. Thinkers in the early twentieth century, observing the awful ... More

After the MapCartography, Navigation, and the Transformation of Territory in the Twentieth Century

After the Map: Cartography, Navigation, and the Transformation of Territory in the Twentieth Century

William Rankin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226339368
eISBN:
9780226339535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226339535.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Over the last several decades, paper maps have been gradually displaced by new electronic navigation systems like GPS. For many geographic tasks, the map’s familiar god’s-eye view from nowhere has ... More

Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire

Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire

Tara Nummedal

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608563
eISBN:
9780226608570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608570.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What distinguished the true alchemist from the fraud? This question animated the lives and labors of the common men—and occasionally women—who made a living as alchemists in the sixteenth- and ... More

Alchemy Tried in the FireStarkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry

Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry

William R. Newman and Lawrence M. Principe

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577111
eISBN:
9780226577050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577050.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What actually took place in the private laboratory of a mid-seventeenth-century alchemist? How did he direct his quest after the secrets of Nature? What instruments and theoretical principles did he ... More

American SunshineDiseases of Darkness and the Quest for Natural Light

American Sunshine: Diseases of Darkness and the Quest for Natural Light

Daniel Freund

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226262819
eISBN:
9780226262833
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226262833.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the second half of the nineteenth century, American cities began to go dark. Hulking new buildings overspread blocks, pollution obscured the skies, and glass and smog screened out the ... More

Androids in the EnlightenmentMechanics, Artisans, and Cultures of the Self

Androids in the Enlightenment: Mechanics, Artisans, and Cultures of the Self

Adelheid Voskuhl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226034027
eISBN:
9780226034331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226034331.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The eighteenth century saw the creation of a number of remarkable mechanical androids: at least ten prominent automata were built between 1735 and 1810 by clockmakers, court mechanics, and other ... More

The Ascent of AffectGenealogy and Critique

The Ascent of Affect: Genealogy and Critique

Ruth Leys

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226488424
eISBN:
9780226488738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226488738.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book analyzes the conflicting paradigms and interpretations that have governed the study of the emotions from the 1960s to the present. It seems obvious to the majority of today's researchers ... More

Atoms and AlchemyChymistry and the Experimental Origins of the Scientific Revolution

Atoms and Alchemy: Chymistry and the Experimental Origins of the Scientific Revolution

William R. Newman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226576961
eISBN:
9780226577036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577036.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Since the Enlightenment, alchemy has been viewed as a sort of antiscience, disparaged by many historians as a form of lunacy that impeded the development of rational chemistry. But this book exposes ... More

Back To the BreastNatural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Back To the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Jessica Martucci

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288031
eISBN:
9780226288178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Breastfeeding rates in America fell throughout the 1950s and 1960s before beginning to climb again in the 1970s. This work argues that the development of an ideology of natural motherhood preceded ... More

Baroque Science

Baroque Science

Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923987
eISBN:
9780226923994
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923994.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book presents a radically new perspective on the study of early modern science. Instead of the triumph of reason and rationality and the celebration of the discoveries and breakthroughs of the ... More

Before NatureCuneiform Knowledge and the History of Science

Before Nature: Cuneiform Knowledge and the History of Science

Francesca Rochberg

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226406138
eISBN:
9780226406275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226406275.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Before the concept of nature took shape across the long history of European and Islamic natural philosophy and science, for an equally long period beginning in the early second millennium B.C.E. a ... More

Behind Closed DoorsIRBs and the Making of Ethical Research

Behind Closed Doors: IRBs and the Making of Ethical Research

Laura Stark

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226770864
eISBN:
9780226770888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Although the subject of federally mandated institutional review boards (IRBs) has been extensively debated, we do not know much about what takes place when they convene. The story of how IRBs work ... More

Biological IndividualityIntegrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Scott Lidgard and Lynn K. Nyhart (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226446318
eISBN:
9780226446592
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226446592.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book provides an interdisciplinary exploration of biological individuality, by identifying leading and less familiar perceptions of individuality, what they are good for, and in what contexts. ... More

Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Denis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Over the course of human history, the sciences in general and biology in particular have often been manipulated to cause immense human suffering. For example, biology has been used to justify eugenic ... More

Bitter RootsThe Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Bitter Roots is a history of drug discovery from plants across different African countries. It reconsiders the history of pharmaceutical patents, biopiracy, and bioprospecting to show that African ... More

Bodies in FluxScientific Methods for Negotiating Medical Uncertainty

Bodies in Flux: Scientific Methods for Negotiating Medical Uncertainty

Christa Teston

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226450520
eISBN:
9780226450834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450834.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Uncertainty in cancer care is mitigated, albeit only in part, through medical evidence. But not all evidences are equally persuasive. What materials and methods, therefore, make some medical ... More

Bounding BiomedicineEvidence and Rhetoric in the New Science of Alternative Medicine

Bounding Biomedicine: Evidence and Rhetoric in the New Science of Alternative Medicine

Colleen Derkatch

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226345840
eISBN:
9780226345987
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226345987.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book investigates scientific studies of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as episodes of scientific boundary work that shift, and then seek to fix, the boundaries between what counts ... More

British Weather and the Climate of Enlightenment

British Weather and the Climate of Enlightenment

Jan Golinski

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226302058
eISBN:
9780226302065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226302065.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Enlightenment inquiries into the weather sought to impose order on a force that had the power to alter human life and social conditions. This book reveals how a new sense of the national climate ... More

Cancer on TrialOncology as a New Style of Practice

Cancer on Trial: Oncology as a New Style of Practice

Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226428918
eISBN:
9780226428932
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226428932.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Until the early 1960s, cancer treatment consisted primarily of surgery and radiation therapy. Most practitioners then viewed the treatment of terminally ill cancer patients with heroic courses of ... More

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